In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex set of procedures that are used to assist with pregnancy or to avoid genetic defects and to aid a child’s conception. Mature eggs are harvested (retrieved) from the ovaries during IVF and fertilized in a laboratory with sperm. Then the fertilized egg (embryo) or eggs (embryos) are moved to a uterus. It takes about three weeks for one complete cycle of IVF. These steps are sometimes divided into various parts, and the process can take longer.
The most popular technique of assisted reproductive technology is IVF. Using your own eggs and the sperm of your partner, the operation can be performed. Or IVF may involve a known or anonymous donor’s eggs, sperm or embryos. A gestational carrier, a woman who has an embryo implanted in her uterus, may be used in certain situations.
What is IVF and how does it function?
In vitro fertilization (IVF) virtually means ‘fertilization in …